Antioxidant, rich in fiber: the 7 health benefits of Jerusalem artichoke

Jerusalem artichoke is back in fashion. This so-called "forgotten" root vegetable has been removed from our plates for several decades. 

Antioxidant, rich in fiber: the 7 health benefits of Jerusalem artichoke
health benefits of Jerusalem artichoke

However, it has many excellent health properties. Find out what are the benefits of this vegetable garden treasure.

Nicknamed "Jerusalem artichoke", "earth pear", "winter artichoke" or "Canadian truffle", Jerusalem artichoke or Helianthus tuberosus has long been neglected. Native to North America, this tuber arrived in France in the 17th century thanks to the explorer and navigator Samuel de Champlain. During World War II, Jerusalem artichoke was heavily consumed by the French, due to destroyed potato crops. However, the French put it aside at the end of the war.

This root vegetable, which is similar to potatoes or ginger, belongs to the Asteraceae family. It is present on the markets in winter and early spring (from November to April). The most famous varieties: the "fuseau" and the "Rouge du Limousin", small elongated pink and sweet tubers but also the "Violet de Rennes", club-shaped with light purple skin. Eaten raw, in soup, mashed, cooked, or fried, this vegetable garden treasure has several beneficial virtues for health.

Jerusalem artichoke facilitates intestinal transit

This tuber is excellent for transit. Rich in fibers and inulins, a soluble dietary fiber, Jerusalem artichoke is an ally for your intestinal health. Inulins, which belong to the fructan family and contain complex, non-digestible carbohydrate molecules, act as prebiotics. 

They participate in the good balance of the intestinal flora and promote digestion. In addition, with Jerusalem artichoke, goodbye to constipation. This root vegetable also has laxative properties thanks to its high potassium content. However, it can increase the risk of gas due to its fermentation in the intestines.

Fill up on minerals and vitamins with Jerusalem artichoke

This vegetable garden treasure has many advantages. Rich in iron, it carries oxygen in the blood and cells. This vegetable is recommended for people with anemia. Jerusalem artichoke also contains high amounts of phosphorus and magnesium. 

This food is ideal for reducing the risk of osteoporosis. Rich in potassium, it helps regulate blood pressure and muscle contraction. This "earth pear" also contains many vitamins, including vitamin A, B, and C. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that protects the body against free radicals and cell aging by stimulating the immune system. As for vitamin B9, it covers the needs of pregnant women. This vitamin limits possible malformations of the neural tube in the fetus.

Jerusalem artichoke: a slimming ally

If you want to lose weight, go for Jerusalem artichoke. Low in calories but high in fiber, Jerusalem artichoke regulates appetite and has high satiating power. With this appetite suppressant, no more snacking. It is the ideal food for a diet.

Jerusalem artichoke strengthens bones and teeth

This tuber contains calcium and phosphorus in large quantities. These minerals help strengthen teeth and preserve bones.

Jerusalem artichoke prevents diabetes

This root vegetable does not contain starch but inulin. Jerusalem artichoke is ideal for diabetics because fructans do not influence blood sugar. In addition, its high inulin content lowers blood lipids, the risk of diabetes, bad cholesterol and blood triglycerides, fats in the body that provide energy.

Jerusalem artichoke prevents certain cancers

"The Jerusalem artichoke" limits the risks of certain cancers, especially breast cancer. Rich in fructans and inulins, it balances the intestinal flora and plays a protective role against colorectal cancer.

Jerusalem artichoke protects the nervous system

The vitamin B1 present in this tuber helps to maintain the nervous system in good health. Its richness in potassium plays an important role in the transmission of nerve impulses. Another advantage: Jerusalem artichoke prevents neurodegenerative diseases.

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